The Voronezh Region will begin the transition to a new municipal solid waste treatment system in 2019. It is planned to construct 16 waste sorting complexes. Their estimated cost is about 2 billion rubles, Alexey Karyakin, head of the Department of Natural Resources and Ecology said at a meeting in the Regional Government on Monday, December 3.
The construction of the three plants, the construction of which will begin in 2019, will cost 80 million rubles, of which 79 million are the Federal funds. The plants capacity will be approximately 25-40 thousand tons per year.
– We believe that after the construction and commissioning of these facilities, about 65% of waste will be sent for recycling (now this figure is about 10%). This is very important because a phased ban on waste disposal has been introduced. It is forbidden to bury scrap metal, LED lamps from January 1, 2018, and it will be forbidden to bury cardboard, automobile tires and a number of other wastes from 2019. Each year, these requirements will be tightened, Alexey Karyakin added. – Therefore, we need to create the necessary capacity in a timely manner.
25 unauthorized dumps will be liquidated in the framework of “Clean Country” federal project, in which the Voronezh Region will participate. We are talking about the territories the area of pollution of which exceeds 2 hectares. All the plots are located within settlements. Two dumps are in Voronezh – on Zemlyachki Street and the former quarry of VKSM.
– Next year we will examine six landfills, two of which are in Voronezh. After that, starting in 2020, we will begin the implementation of the project. The works themselves should take a maximum of one calendar year, Alexey Karyakin explained.
Vitaly Shabalatov, Deputy Governor of the region, suggested starting work on the separate collection of food waste. Governor Alexander Gusev supported the proposal.
The head of the region added that in the near future it was necessary to approve the tariff for the removal of municipal solid waste. In 2019, the removal of solid waste will become a communal service, it will be excluded from the residential premises maintenance fee. Alexander Gusev stressed that the tariffs must be calculated in such a way that the total utility bill did not significantly increase. According to the Governor, given the overall increase in VAT, there should be subsidies for residents to reimburse part of the costs.
The Voronezh Region will participate in five federal projects as part of “Ecology” national project. According to forecasts, the volume of subsidies from the budget of the Russian Federation will exceed 5 billion rubles until 2024 (245 million in 2019). The total amount including the regional money will be 5.6 billion rubles.
According to the project “Preservation of unique water bodies”, it is planned to clean two rivers until 2024. It will spend 550 million rubles (in the years 2019-2020 - 60 million).
Galina Smirnova, Head of the Housing, Public Utilities and Energy Department spoke about the implementation of “Clean Water” federal project in the region. The project involves the construction and reconstruction of networks, installation of water treatment systems. The department has already prepared a passport for the regional component of the project. It is assumed that the result of the implementation will be an increase in the share of the population provided with high-quality drinking water from 86% to 90.2% by 2024. The total funding will amount to 2.2 billion rubles. In 2019, the region will receive 76 million from the federal budget; in subsequent years, the volume of subsidies will increase.
– Two billion rubles for five years is an extremely small amount. Therefore, let us develop our own activities, which will be implemented at the expense of the regional budget, Alexander Gusev urged.
As of December 1, 2018, 1080 water intakes, 10 thousand km of water supply networks are functioning in the Voronezh Region. The wear and tear of the utilities ranges from 65% to 70%. 32% of the centralized water supply sources do not meet the sanitary and chemical standards. 227 thousand people are not provided with centralized water supply, and about 300 – with water of standard quality.
A list of districts and settlements in which it is required to carry out activities within the framework of the project in the first place has been compiled. These are, in particular, Novousmansky District (the village of Novaya Usman), Ramonsky District (Ramon, the village of Novozhivotinnoe), Semiluksky District (Semilukskoye Rural Settlement, Strelitskoye Urban Settlement), Voronezh (Semilukskiye Vyselki microdistrict).
The region aims increase the reproduction of forest by up to 100% by 2024 compared to logged or dead ones within the framework of “Preservation of Forests” projects. It is planned to modernize the material and technical base of forestry and fire guard equipment, Alexander Sysoyev, head of the Forestry Department said.